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Ohio Farmers Expecting Record Soybean Harvest
Ohio Ag Connection - 10/13/2017

Ohio producers continue to expect a record soybean harvest this year, according to Cheryl Turner, state statistician of USDA, NASS, Ohio Field Office. The October Crop Report is based upon conditions as of October 1, 2017. Some highlights of the report are as follows:

- Ohio corn yield is up 14 bushels from last year's report to 173 bushels per acre. Total production is expected to be 541 million bushels, up 3.2 percent from 2016. One to three inches of rain fell over major corn regions of Ohio in September. About 10 percent of corn for grain was harvested by October 1; fifty-eight percent of acres had reached maturity, about one week behind the 5 year mean.

- Ohio soybean production is expected to total 262 million bushels, down 1% from last year's state record. The yield is forecast at 52 bushels per acre, down 2.5 bushels from last year's state record. Harvest was progressing well for soybeans but at a slow pace. The average moisture content of soybeans harvested was 12 percent, but had fallen much lower in some areas. There were multiple reports of combine fires, underscoring the challenges of what has become a very dry season. Despite the challenges, many are reporting better than expected yields.

- Ohio's alfalfa hay yield is forecast at 3.20 tons per acre, down 0.20 tons from last year. Ohio's other hay yield is forecast at 2.20 tons per acre, up 0.10 tons from last year. Hay harvest was persistent, but dry conditions limited growth in some areas. As of October 1st, fourth cutting of alfalfa was 44% complete and third cutting of other hay was 61% complete.

- United States corn production is forecast at 14.3 billion bushels, down 6 percent from last year but up 1 percent from the September forecast. Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 171.8 bushels per acre, up 1.9 bushels from the September forecast but down 2.8 bushels from 2016. If realized, this will be the second highest yield and production on record for the United States. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 83.1 million acres, down less than 1 percent from the previous estimate and down 4 percent from 2016.

- Nationally, soybean production is forecast at a record 4.43 billion bushels, down slightly from September but up 3 percent from last year. Based on October 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 49.5 bushels per acre, down 0.4 bushel from last month and down 2.5 bushels from last year. Area for harvest in the United States is forecast at a record high 89.5 million acres, up 1 percent from September and up 8 percent from 2016.

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